Renault | Wikipedia audio article



This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renault

00:02:17 1 History
00:02:26 1.1 Founding and early years (1898–1918)
00:05:59 1.2 Interwar years (1919–1938)
00:12:42 1.3 World War II and aftermath (1939–1944)
00:16:26 1.4 Postwar resurgence (1945–1971)
00:19:46 1.5 Modern era (1972–1980)
00:29:51 1.6 Restructuring (1981–1995)
00:33:28 1.7 Privatisation and the alliance era (1996–present)
00:43:44 1.8 Innovations
00:44:45 2 Motorsport
00:46:01 2.1 Formula One
00:47:34 2.2 Rallying
00:49:33 3 Financial data
00:49:43 4 Corporate governance
00:50:24 5 Products and technologies
00:50:35 5.1 Current models
00:50:49 5.2 Concept cars
00:51:52 5.3 Electric vehicles
00:54:58 5.4 Eco²
00:55:59 5.5 R-Link
00:56:36 5.6 Autonomous vehicles
00:56:57 6 Vehicle design
00:57:07 6.1 Design
00:57:16 6.1.1 “Pre-design” era
00:57:57 6.1.2 Renault Styling
00:58:46 6.1.3 Industrial Design Department
01:00:13 6.2 Engineering and Product Planning
01:01:24 6.3 Technocentre
01:02:37 6.4 Renault Tech
01:03:03 7 Subsidiaries and alliances
01:03:14 7.1 Subsidiaries
01:03:23 7.1.1 AvtoVAZ
01:04:34 7.1.2 Dacia
01:05:03 7.1.3 Renault Samsung Motors
01:05:39 7.1.4 RCI Banque
01:05:59 7.1.5 Renault Retail Group
01:06:46 7.1.6 Manufacturing subsidiaries
01:06:55 7.1.6.1 French factories
01:07:03 7.1.6.2 Manufacturing subsidiaries outside France
01:07:13 7.2 Alliances
01:07:22 7.2.1 Renault-Nissan
01:09:18 7.2.1.1 Renault-Nissan and Daimler alliance
01:09:45 7.2.2 American Motors
01:10:41 7.2.3 Proposed alliances
01:12:13 8 Awards
01:13:18 9 Marketing and branding
01:13:37 9.1 Renault badge
01:15:28 9.2 Typeface
01:15:37 9.2.1 Renault MN
01:16:10 9.2.2 Renault Identité
01:16:37 9.2.3 Helvetica
01:16:48 9.2.4 Renault Life
01:17:11 9.3 L’Atelier Renault Paris
01:18:11 9.4 Renault Classic
01:18:31 9.5 Music
01:19:05 9.6 Sponsorship

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SUMMARY
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Groupe Renault (UK: REN-oh, US: rə-NAWLT, rə-NOH, French: [ɡʁup ʁəno]; legally Renault S.A.) is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899. The company produces a range of cars and vans, and in the past has manufactured trucks, tractors, tanks, buses/coaches, aircraft engines, and autorail vehicles.
According to the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d’Automobiles, in 2016 Renault was the ninth biggest automaker in the world by production volume. By 2017, the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance had become the world’s biggest seller of light vehicles, bumping Volkswagen AG off the top spot.Headquartered in Boulogne-Billancourt, near Paris, the Renault group is made up of the namesake Renault marque and subsidiaries, Alpine, Automobile Dacia from Romania, Renault Samsung Motors from South Korea, and AvtoVAZ from Russia. Renault has a 43.4% controlling stake in Nissan of Japan, and a 1.55% stake in Daimler AG of Germany (since 2012, Renault manufactures engines for the Daimler’s Mercedes A-Class and B-Class cars). Renault also owns subsidiaries RCI Banque (automotive financing), Renault Retail Group (automotive distribution) and Motrio (automotive parts). Renault has various joint ventures, including Oyak-Renault (Turkey), Renault Pars (Iran). The French government owns a 15% share of Renault.
Renault Trucks, previously known as Renault Véhicules Industriels, has been part of AB Volvo since 2001. Renault Agriculture became 100% owned by German agricultural equipment manufacturer CLAAS in 2008.
Together Renault and Nissan invested €4 billion (US$5.16 billion) in eight electric vehicles over three to four years beginning in 2011.Renault is known for its role in motor sport, particularly rallying, Formula 1 and Formula E. Its early work on mathematical curve modeling for car bodies is important in the history of computer graphics.

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