Global War on Terror | Wikipedia audio article



This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_on_Terror

00:02:36 1 Etymology
00:03:28 1.1 History of use of the phrase and its rejection by the U.S. government
00:09:44 1.2 The rhetorical war on terror
00:11:07 2 Background
00:11:16 2.1 Precursor to the 11 September attacks
00:13:36 2.2 11 September attacks
00:15:34 3 U.S. objectives
00:18:15 4 Afghanistan
00:18:24 4.1 Operation Enduring Freedom
00:18:51 4.2 Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan
00:21:48 4.3 International Security Assistance Force
00:22:58 5 Iraq and Syria
00:23:37 5.1 Iraqi no-fly zones
00:24:37 5.2 Operation Iraqi Freedom
00:27:05 5.3 Operation New Dawn
00:27:27 5.4 Operation Inherent Resolve (Syria and Iraq)
00:29:51 6 Pakistan
00:34:42 6.1 Baluchistan
00:35:37 7 Trans-Sahara (Northern Africa)
00:35:48 7.1 Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara
00:36:55 8 Horn of Africa and the Red Sea
00:37:05 8.1 Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa
00:41:44 9 Philippines
00:41:53 9.1 Operation Enduring Freedom – Philippines
00:43:13 9.2 Islamic State of Lanao and the Battle of Marawi
00:44:05 9.3 Operation Pacific Eagle – Philippines
00:44:40 10 Yemen
00:45:36 11 U.S. allies in the Middle East
00:45:41 11.1 Israel
00:46:23 11.2 Saudi Arabia
00:47:02 12 Libya
00:53:04 13 Other military operations
00:53:13 13.1 Operation Active Endeavour
00:53:41 13.2 Fighting in Kashmir
00:56:17 13.3 American military intervention in Cameroon
00:56:51 14 International military support
00:59:19 15 Terrorist attacks and failed plots since 9/11
00:59:30 15.1 Al-Qaeda
01:03:40 15.2 The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)
01:06:00 16 Post 9/11 events inside the United States
01:13:09 17 Transnational actions
01:13:18 17.1 “Extraordinary rendition”
01:14:44 17.2 Rendition to “Black Sites”
01:16:04 17.2.1 Criticism of American Media’s Withholding of Coverage
01:19:14 17.2.2 Prison ships
01:19:55 17.3 Guantanamo Bay detention camp
01:21:00 18 Casualties
01:30:04 18.1 Total terrorist casualties
01:30:36 19 Costs
01:31:43 20 Criticism
01:33:08 21 Other Wars on Terror
01:34:19 22 See also

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SUMMARY
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The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks against the United States. The naming of the campaign uses a metaphor of war to refer to a variety of actions that do not constitute a specific war as traditionally defined. U.S. president George W. Bush first used the term “war on terrorism” on 16 September 2001, and then “war on terror” a few days later in a formal speech to Congress. In the latter speech, George Bush stated, “Our enemy is a radical network of terrorists and every government that supports them.” The term was originally used with a particular focus on countries associated with al-Qaeda. The term was immediately criticised by such people as Richard B. Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and more nuanced terms subsequently came to be used by the Bush administration to publicly define the international campaign led by the U.S.; it was never used as a formal designation of U.S. operations in internal government documentation.U.S. President Barack Obama announced on 23 May 2013 that the Global War on Terror was over, saying the military and intelligence agencies will not wage war against a tactic but will instead focus on a specific group of networks determined to destroy the U.S. On 28 December 2014, the Obama administration announced the end of the combat role of the U.S.-led mission in Afghanistan. However, the unexpected rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) terror group—also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)—led to a new operation against terror in the Middle East and South Asia, Op …

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